Is this a simple statement? “God is numerically One.” It sounds as if it should be simple, but their is much confusion. This is the one thing that set Israel apart from it’s neighbors. All of the surrounding nations were polythiestic – they worshiped many Gods. The daily prayers of Israel included the Shema (Deut. 6:4 Hear O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.)
This is not just a prayer, it is also a statement to the world about their God. It was a declaration of monotheism.
Our God is one in His essence and He cannot be divided. God’s unity is defined in a way that He is not a composite, nor can He be divided into His parts. Again,God is One God who is indivisible.
God is not divided into parts, yet we see different attributes of God emphasized at different times.
Exodus 15:11 “Who among the gods is like you, O Lord? Who is like you– majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wonders?
Deut. 4:35 You were shown these things so that you might know that the Lord is God; besides him there is no other.
Deut. 4:39 Acknowledge and take to heart this day that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth below. There is no other.
Deut. 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
Deut. 32:39 “See now that I myself am He! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand.
2 Samuel 7:22 “How great you are, O Sovereign Lord! There is no one like you, and there is no God but you, as we have heard with our own ears.
1 Kings 8:60 so that all the peoples of the earth may know that the Lord is God and that there is no other.
Psalm 86:10 For you are great and do marvelous deeds; you alone are God.
Isaiah 42:8 “I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not give my glory to another or my praise to idols.
Isaiah 44:6 “This is what the Lord says– Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.
Isaiah 45:5 I am the Lord, and there is no other; apart from me there is no God. I will strengthen you, though you have not acknowledged me,
Joel 2:27 Then you will know that I am in Israel, that I am the Lord your God, and that there is no other; never again will my people be shamed.
Zech. 14:9 The Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the only name.
John 5:44 How can you believe if you accept praise from one another, yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God?
John 17:3 Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.
1 Cor. 8:4-6 So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that an idol is nothing at all in the world and that there is no God but one. 5For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”), 6yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live.
Galatians 3:20 A mediator, however, does not represent just one party; but God is one.
Ephes. 4:5-6 one Lord, one faith, one baptism; 6one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.
1 Tim. 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Tim. 2:5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,
1 Tim. 6:15 which God will bring about in his own time–God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords,
James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that–and shudder.